Sekiranya andaian ini benar, memanglah jelas seperti yang disebut di dalam alQuran dan alHadis bahawa bahawa mereka mempunyai bilangan yang amat banyak. Sesiapa yang tergoda dengan cara mereka (mengikut nafsu dan bertuhankan duit/harta) juga dikira sebagai gulungan mereka (yakjuj dan makjuj). Kini mereka bersembunyi disebalik nama lain terutamanya Yahudi dan Nasrani. Bagi gulungan bukan Yahudi dan Nasrani pula, mereka amat menyukai dan terpengaruh dengan golongan ini.
“The Khazars were a semi-nomadic Turkic people who dominated the Pontic steppe and the North Caucasus from the 7th to the 10th century. The name “Khazar” seems to be tied to a Turkic verb form meaning “wandering”.In the 7th century, the Khazars founded an independent Khaganate in the Northern Caucasus along the Caspian Sea. Although the Khazars were initially Tengri shamanists, many converted to the Abrahamic faiths through interaction with theByzantine Empireand successive Islamic caliphates; during the 8th or 9th century, the Khaganate adopted Judaismas the state religion. At their height, the Khazars and their tributaries controlled much of what is today southernRussia, western Kazakhstan, eastern Ukraine,Azerbaijan, large portions of the Northern Caucasus (Circassia,Dagestan, Chechnya), parts of Georgia and the Crimea.Between 965 and 969, their sovereignty was broken bySviatoslav I of Kiev, and they became a subject people ofKievan Rus’. Gradually displaced by the Rus, the Kipchaks, and later the conquering Mongol Golden Horde, the Khazars largely disappeared as a culturally distinct people.”
“he Khazars’ tribal structure is not well understood. They were divided between Ak-Khazars (“White Khazars”) and Kara-Khazars (“Black Khazars”). The Muslim Geographer al-Istakhri claimed that the White Khazars were strikingly handsome with reddish hair, white skin and blue eyes while the Black Khazars were swarthy verging on deep black as if they were “some kind of Indian“. However, many Turkic nations had a similar (political, not racial) division between a “white” ruling warrior caste and a “black” class of commoners; the consensus among mainstream scholars is that Istakhri was himself confused by the name given to the two groups.”
“Moreover, DNA tests have demonstrated substantially less inter-marriage in most of the various Jewish ethnic divisions over the last 3,000 years than in other populations, findings lend support to traditional Jewish accounts accrediting their founding to exiled Israelite populations, and counters theories that many or most of the world’s Jewish populations were founded by entirely gentile populations that adopted the Jewish faith, as in the notable case of the historic Khazars. Although groups such as the Khazars could have been absorbed into modern Jewish populations — in the Khazars’ case, absorbed into the Ashkenazim — it is unlikely that they formed a large percentage of the ancestors of modern Ashkenazi Jews, and much less that they were the genesis of the Ashkenazim.”
“Historically, Jews have been identified into two major groups: the Ashkenazim, or “Germanics” (“Ashkenaz” meaning “Germany” in Medieval Hebrew, denoting theirCentral European base), and the Sephardim, or “Hispanics” (“Sefarad” meaning “Hispania” or “Iberia” in Hebrew, denoting their Spanish and Portuguese base). TheMizrahim, or “Easterners” (“Mizrach” being “East” in Hebrew), that is Middle Eastern and North African Jews, could constitute a third major group.
Smaller Jewish groups include the Georgian Jews and Mountain Jews from theCaucasus; Indian Jews including the Bene Israel, Bnei Menashe, Cochin Jews andBene Ephraim; the Romaniotes of Greece; the ancient Italian Jewish community; the Teimanim from the Yemen and Oman; various African Jews, including most numerously the Beta Israel of Ethiopia; the Bukharan Jews of Central Asia; andChinese Jews, most notably the Kaifeng Jews, as well as various other distinct but now extinct communities”